Good wishes to all the Aussies out there, today is their National day.Discovered by van Dieman, [Tasmania], and later by Captain Cook. A British colony and now an independant member of the Commonwealth and sadly in the news for all the wrong reasons following the devastating floods in Queensland and Victoria.
A country in the southern hemisphere comprising the mainland of the world’s smallest continent, the major island of Tasmania, and numerous other islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. The name Australia is derived from the Latin Australis, meaning “Southern”. Legends of an “unknown land of the south” (terra australis incognita) date back to Roman times
In the late 18th century, the Australian mainland and Tasmania were inhabited by around 250 individual nations of indigenous Australians. The British Crown Colony of New South Wales began a settlement at Port Jackson by Captain Arthur Phillip on 26 January 1788. This date was later to become Australia’s national day, Australia Day.
Following a long dispute over whether Sydney or Melbourne should be the national capital, a compromise was reached: the new capital would be built in New South Wales, so long as it was no closer than 100 miles (160 km) to Sydney, with Melbourne to be the temporary capital while the new capital was built. Canberra was chosen as the site in 1908. On 12 March 1913, the city was officially given its name at a ceremony at Kurrajong Hill, which has since become Capital Hill and the site of the present Parliament House
Sport plays an important part in Australian culture, assisted by a climate that favours outdoor activities; 23.5% Australians over the age of 15 regularly participate in organised sporting activities. At an international level, Australia has strong teams in field hockey, netball, rugby league, rugby union, and international rules football, and cricket [Despite losing the ‘ashes’ in 2010], and it performs well in tennis, swimming, cycling and rowing.
Australia is one of the most laissez-faire capitalist economies, according to indices of economic freedom. Australia’s per capita GDP, is slightly higher than that of the UK, Germany, and France in terms of purchasing power parity. The country was ranked third in the United Nations 2007 Human Development Index, first in the 2008 Prosperity Index, and sixth in The Economist worldwide Quality-of-Life Index for 2005. Australia also broke a record in 2008 when four of its major cities reached the top ten of The Economist’s World’s Most Livable Cities.
“Australians all let us rejoice,
For we are young and free,
We’ve golden soil and wealth for toil;
Our home is girt by sea;
Our land abounds in nature’s gifts
Of beauty rich and rare,
In history’s page, let every stage
Advance Australia Fair.
In joyful strains then let us sing,
Advance Australia Fair.”
. ……….”gud on yer sport”, have a great day.